Here we are again with another Vulnerability related to the SSL/TLS Ecosystem called the ROBOT Attack (robotattack.org) and that usually means the NetScaler is also affected or you need to change some part of your SSL/TLS Configuration.
Besides updating your NetScaler Firmware to one of the latest Builds (see CTX230238 for fixed Builds) you need to remove all Ciphers starting with TLS_RSA from your Cipher List. Below is a Cipher List where all the Ciphers with RSA Encryption are removed to prevent the ROBOT Attack.
You could alternatively also use the Modern Compatibility Cipher List:
Important Note: Only Citrix Receivers for Windows starting with Version 4.7 or higher can connect to your published Desktops/Applications after applying the new Cipher List. This is because ECDHE Cipher Support was first implemented with Receiver 4.7 and we have removed all the other supported Ciphers starting with TLS_RSA_*.
You can see a List of supported Ciphers for the Citrix Receiver starting with Version 4.7 below:
Update #1: I had to learn the hard way that the Citrix iOS Receiver 7.4 can't work with the posted Cipher Lists because the iOS Receiver only supports Ciphers starting with TLS_RSA_*.
Hopefully Citrix will soon release a new Version with additional Cipher Support.